The Training Ground

Jargon busting - a selection of educational terms and acronyms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A, G &T

Able, Gifted and Talented (also referred to as G & T, see below)

Academy A state-maintained independent school established by sponsors from business, faith or voluntary groups working with the government and local HE partners

ADHD

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

AEN Additional Educational Needs, a term used by some schools and groups instead of Special Educational Needs

AfL

Assessment for Learning

ALIS

The Advanced Level Information System (ALIS) provides performance indicators for post-16 students across all sectors of education and includes analysis of A level, AS level, Applied A levels, BTEC National and International Baccalaureate examinations

APP

Assessing Pupils’ Progress

ASD

Autism Spectrum Disorder

ASET

Advisory Service for the Education of Travellers

AST

Advanced Skills Teacher – she/he is given time to spread best practice among colleagues, often in other schools

ATL

Association of Teachers and Lecturers

Attainment Targets

Age-related standards of achievement defined in the National Curriculum. They are expressed in terms of numbered levels, from 1 to 8

Bench Marking

Establishing, often by means of some objective or diagnostic test, a base level of achievement for a pupil, against which future progress may be measured

BESD

Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties

BfL

Behaviour for Learning

BTEC National

Qualification equivalent to two A levels

CAT

Cognitive Abilities Test. Assessment of reasoning skills, using words, numbers and shapes. Often applied to Year 7 pupils at the beginning of the school year, to help teachers define their expectations

Catchment Area

The area from which a school takes its pupils

CEDP

Career Entry Development Profile – a document completed by the trainee at the end of the training year, and used to set the agenda for the NQT or Induction year

CEO

Chief Education Officer

Child Protection Register

Lists children who may be at risk of abuse, neglect, or who are liable to harm

CLPE

Centre for Literacy in Primary Education

Cluster

A group of schools working together, perhaps on Curriculum initiatives, e.g. a consortium of secondary schools sharing 14 – 19 courses

Cohort

The number of pupils on roll for a specific age group

COSHH

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (includes regulations for the storage of correction fluid)

CPD

Continuing Professional Development

CRB

Criminal Record Bureau. It is mandatory for anyone working with children or the otherwise vulnerable to hold a current certificate

CTC

City Technology College

DCSF

Department for Children, Schools and Families. Previously known as the DfES (Department for Education and Skills), and, before that, as the DfEE (Department for Education and Employment)

DfE

Department for Education. Replaced the DCSF (see above) in May 2010 on the election of the new government.

Diplomas

Diplomas are new qualifications for 14-19 year olds. Created to provide an alternative to more traditional education and qualifications and offer validation for more vocational subjects than GCSEs

Directed Time

Time when a teacher must be available to carry out duties under the direction of the Head. As well as teaching lessons, it covers other duties such as attending staff meetings and parent consultation meetings and taking part in training activities. A full-time teacher’s directed time amounts to a maximum of 1265 hours in any one school year, teaching on 190 days with five days for INSET

Disaffected

Often used to describe pupils who are challenged by the education process

Disapplication

A term used where National Curriculum requirements may not apply to a pupil

Disciplinary procedure

A formal procedure followed in the event of a teacher’s conduct or performance proving unsatisfactory

EAL

English as an Additional Language

EAZ

Education Action Zones

EBacc

English Baccalaureate, controversially introduced in 2010, is an award offered to those who gain a C or above in the following GCSEs: English, Maths, two Sciences, one Modern Language and one Humanities subject (either History or Geography).

EBD Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

EBITT

Employment based Initial Teacher Training. See also ( SCITT ) and GTP

EBSD

Emotional Behavioural and Social Difficulties

ECM

Every Child Matters

EDP

Education Development Plan

EiC

Excellence in Cities

EMA

Education Maintenance Allowance

EMAG

Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant

EO

Education Officer

ESL / EFL English as a Second Language/English as a Foreign Language (However, the preferred term in schools is EAL, see above)

EWO / ESW

Education Welfare Officer/Educational Social Worker. A professional worker who visits pupils’ homes and deals with attendance problems and other welfare matters

Exclusion

Term used when pupils are barred from attending school. This can be for a fixed term or permanent

Extended School

A school that provides a range of services and activities beyond the school day

EYFS

Early Years Foundation Stage

FE

Further Education

FFT

The Fischer Family Trust is an independent charity which provides analyses and data, to help schools to make more effective use of pupil performance data and value added testing. Often used to support target-setting.

Foundation Stage

The first stage of education when children enter primary schools (age 3 to end of reception year at school)

Free Schools

According to the DfE, Free Schools are 'all-ability state-funded schools set up in response to what people say they want and need in order to improve education for children in their community.' Like Academies, they can devise their own curriculum and are not bound by the National Curriculum.

FSM Free School Meals

FTE

Full-time equivalent. When staff or pupils are part-time they may be counted as a fraction of a full-time employee or pupil, e.g. two staff employed for half the week = 1 FTE

G&T

Gifted and Talented

GCSE

General Certificate of Secondary Education

GM

Grant Maintained

GNVQ

General National Vocational Qualification (Last awarded in 2007; replaced by the BTEC and Diploma, see above.)

GTC

General Teaching Council - the professional body for teaching in England

GTP

Graduate Teacher Programme

HLTA

Higher Level Teaching Assistant

HMCI

Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Schools. (Her Majesty’s Inspectorate are not the same as OfSTED)

HMI

Her Majesty’s Inspectorate

Home School Agreements

Non-binding documents setting out respective rights and responsibilities of parents and schools to be drawn up by the governing body under the 1998 Act

IB

International Baccalaureate

ICT

Information Communication Technology, or Information and Communications Technologies 

IEP

Individual Education Plan. A set of short-term learning targets set down for a child with special educational needs – a practice sometimes extended to other children. To be used to support lesson planning and other provision

IGCSE

International General Certificate of Secondary Education

IIP Investors In People

Inclusion

Educating all children including those with special educational needs

Independent schools

Schools that are not funded by the state

INSET

In-Service Education and Training

ISW

Inclusion Support Worker

ITE Initial Teacher Education (the term preferred by some universities in place of ITT below)

ITT

Initial Teacher Training

IWB

Interactive White Board

Key Stages

The four stages of the National Curriculum

KS1

(Years 1-2) children up to 7 year olds

KS2

(Years 3-6) 7 to 11 year olds

KS3

(Years 7-9) usually 11 to 14 year olds, although some schools now organise their curriculum so that KS3 runs in Years 7-8 and KS4 runs from Year 9 - 11, to enable them to give more time to GCSE courses

KS4

(Year 10-11) 14 - 16 year olds

KS5

A term often used informally to refer to post-16 / A Level studies, but not officially recognised

LA

Local Authority

LAC

Looked After Children

LOtC

Learning Outside the Classroom

LSA

Learning Support Assistant

LSC

Learning and Skills Council

LSU

Learning Support Unit

MAST

Multi Agency Support Team

MidYIS

Middle Years Information System. Non-compulsory tests for students in Years 7-11

MLD

Mild Learning Difficulty

MPS

Main Pay Spine

NAA

National Assessment Agency

NACE

National Association for Able Children in Education

NAGC

National Association for Gifted Children

NAHT

National Association of Head Teachers

NAS/UWT

National Association of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers

NASG

National Association of School Governors

NATE

National Association for the Teaching of English

NC

National Curriculum

NCPTA

The National Confederation of Parent Teacher Associations

NFER

National Foundation for Educational Research

NGfL

National Grid for Learning (which ran from 1998 - 2996 as a Government-funded gateway to educational resources on the internet)

NLS

National Literacy Strategy

NOR

Number on roll. The number of pupils registered at a school

NQF National Qualifications Framework (a framework that ranks all educational awards in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, ranging from Entry Level - e.g. Foundation Diploma, to Level 2 - e.g. GCSEs at A*-C, and so on up to Level 8 - e.g. doctorate)

NQT

Newly Qualified Teacher

NUT

National Union of Teachers

NVQ

National Vocational Qualifications. A work-based qualification

Ofsted

Office for Standards in Education. The official body for inspecting schools

OOSH (L)

Out of School Hours (Learning)

OTTP

Overseas Trained Teacher Programme

P Levels

The P levels are intended as a form of teacher assessment for children working significantly below age-related expectations, who are unlikely to achieve beyond level 2 by the time they leave secondary school

PAF

Performance Assessment Framework

PANDA

Performance and Assessment now replaced by RAISEonline

Peripatetic Teacher

Teacher employed to teach in a number of schools, usually to give specialist instruction of some kind, e.g. in music

PfS

Partnership for School

PGCE

Post Graduate Certificate in Education - a teaching qualification acredited by a university, which includes a period of practical teaching experience and assignments completed at Master's level (Level 7) OR

Professional Graduate Certifcate in Education, as above but completed at Honours level (Level 6)

PMLD

Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

PPD

Postgraduate professional development

PRU

Pupil Referral Unit. Also known as PRUIS

PSHE

Personal, Social and Health Education (or Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education)

PTA

Parent Teacher Association

PTE

Part-time Equivalent

PTR

Pupil Teacher Ratio

QCA

Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency

QTS

Qualified Teacher Status

RAISEonline

RAISEonline provides interactive analysis of school and pupil performance data. It replaces the OfSTED Performance and Assessment (PANDA) reports and DCSF's Pupil Achievement Tracker (PAT)

SATs

Standard Assessment Tasks. The principal official means of testing children for KS1 (7 years) and KS2 (11 years). Some schools also offer tests at the end of KS3 (14 years), although this is no longer compulsory. More properly (but rarely) referred to as ‘National Tests’

School Causing Concern

The 1998 Act allows LEAs to issue a warning notice to a school where standards are unacceptably low (or are at risk of becoming so) and to undertake remedial action

SCITT

School-Centred Initial Teacher Training

SDP (SIP)

School Development / Improvement Plan

SEAL

Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning. A whole curriculum framework for developing all children’s social, emotional and behavioural skills

SEBD

Social Educationally and Behaviourally Disturbed

SEF (SED)

Self Evaluation Form (Self Evaluation Document); schools are required to complete a SEF and it is used as the basis of an Ofsted inspection

SEN

Special Educational Needs – learning difficulties for which special educational provision has to be made. May include children with physical disabilities or emotional and behavioural disorders. For a full definition of Special Educational Needs, see the SEN Code of Practice (2001) 

SENCO

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator. Member of staff responsible for SEN provision

Serious Weaknesses

A school that is not failing may have a serious weakness, as defined by OFSTED. Action is required to make improvements within one year

SHA

Secondary Heads Association

SIP

School Improvement Plan

SLD

Severe Learning Difficulties

SMT / SLT

Senior Management Team / Senior Leadership Team

Special Measures

Classification by OFSTED

Special School

A school for children whose educational needs cannot be met within a mainstream school

Special Unit

A unit attached to a mainstream school to cater for children with specific special needs

SSR Staff Student Ratio

Statementing

The procedure by which a child is formally assessed as having significant special educational needs

Supply Teacher

A teacher employed to fill a temporary vacancy or to take the place of an absent teacher. Sometimes also known as a 'cover' teacher

TA / LSA

Teaching Assistant / Learning Support Assistant

TDA

Training and Development Agency

Teachers’ TV

Channel devoted to education. It was closed in 2011 but its programmes are now hosted on several websites, including the TES.

TES

Times Educational Supplement

Threshold

Teachers may apply to be assessed to be paid above the threshold of the incremental pay spine

TLR

Teaching and Learning Responsibility

TPS

Teacher’s Pension Scheme

TTRB

Teacher Training Resource Bank

UPS

Upper Pay Spine

Value Added

A way of expressing numerically the difference a school may be held to have made to pupils’ levels of attainment

Vertical Grouping

Classes formed with children of different age groups. Increasingly common as a way of organising tutorial groups

VLE

Virtual Learning Environment

WBL

Work Based Learning

WFR

Workforce remodelling as a result of The National Agreement 2003

WRL

Work Related Learning

YELLIS

The Year 11 Information System which provides tests widely used in the UK and elsewhere, forming a baseline for value added measures in secondary schools

YOT

Youth Offending Team

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