A list of terminology with definitions for features of spoken language. Ideal for students analysing spoken data and wanting to reinforce their understanding of techniques.
Discourse marker: Words and phrases which are used to signal the relationship and connections between utterances and to signpost that what is said can be followed by the listener or reader. E.g. ‘first’, ‘on the other hand’, ‘now’, ‘what’s more’, ‘so anyway’, etc.
Sociolect: A social dialect or variety of speech used by a particular group, such as working-class or upper-class speech.